The coffee rust epidemic reached Costa Rica in 1983. Just like Colombia, the coffee industry was booming in the country during that year. There was a huge turn around when the coffee plants started to show signs of coffee rust. In just a year, they lost almost 50% of their total coffee production which caused them to lose millions of money and hundreds of jobs.
To cope for the loss, both small scale farmers and huge plantation owners tried to find a way to get rid of this epidemic disease. They tried different fungicides, hoping to minimize the effects of H. vestatrix.
Costa Rica is one of the main countries affected by the coffee rust outbreak. Though the total production of this country is only a small percentage of world’s total coffee production, Costa Rica’s coffee industry helps in boosting their economy. Every year, the country produces 108,480 metric tons of coffee. It’s at the 13th spot of the world’s total coffee producers. With that being said, coffee is definitely a very important commodity in the country.
Costa Rica only grow one type of coffee plant – coffea Arabica. They concentrate in growing high quality coffee for export. The devastating results of this coffee disease gradually decreases the coffee production in the company. Hundreds of farmers lost their jobs and the government and private industries spend a lot of money in fungicides to halt or totally get rid of the disease.