Mexico

Mexico’s coffee production is the 8th largest in the world. In 2009, the country produced a total of 252,000 metric tons of coffee. Their coffee industry is mainly concentrated to the south central to the southern regions of the country. The main coffee type produced in the country is coffea arabica, which grows well in the coastal region of Chiapas, Soconusco, and the border of Guatamela.

The coffee industry in Mexico started at the end of the 18th century. During that time, the coffee crops were not exported in great quantities. In 1870, the country was able to produce more coffee so they started exporting larger amounts. In 1980, coffee became Mexico’s most valuable crop for export. Today, Mexico is the largest source of US coffee imports.

Despite the success of Mexico’s coffee industry, this country also suffered from the effects of coffee rust. In 1979 to 1981, the coffee rust disease reached Mexico. Just like any other country affected, Mexico’s coffee industry was highly affected. Crop production dropped dramatically during those years. Therefore, the government, private sectors, cooperatives, and small scale farmers helped each other in looking for ways to contain the epidemic and prevent further damages on crops.