Most people, unless, of course, you prefer drinking tea, fancy a cup of joe every morning. Some even rely on coffee just to get through the entire day.
And for those who have an eternal love for coffee, the idea of growing a coffee plant at home is an exciting concept.
So without further ado, let us uncover how to germinate a coffee bean seed into a full grown coffee plant.
Coffee Plant as a Houseplant
Unbeknownst to everyone, coffee plants are an ideal houseplant. They do not shed their leaves, so they pretty much remain green all year long. They are also resilient and adaptive of their environment. Plus, they require little maintenance, which make them easy to cultivate even for beginners.
How to Grow a Coffee Plant
1.Planting the seeds
The first step in growing any plant is, of course, getting your hands on some of its seeds. For coffee plant, you will need a coffee cherry. However, this can be difficult to find in some countries. As a substitute, you can also make use of a green coffee bean. The only downside to is that it takes pretty longer for it to germinate compared to planting a cherry.
Now that you have seeds, you can start by planting them individually in 3-inch pots; soon after, the growing process begins.
A bean usually takes a month or more before it starts to sprout, while cherry takes as fast as two weeks. The difference is in the moisture content of each. Beans are usually dry, taking them a longer time to germinate.
2.Growing the coffee plant
Coffee plant do not need gradual supervision; however, there are things that you have to be aware of to successfully cultivate the plant. Below are some guides and tips in how to make your coffee plant flourish.
Unlike other plants, coffee plant needs to be repotted as it grows. This is done to replicate it’s ideal growth environment. You can use the information below as a guide to know when exactly you should move your plant into a bigger container.
– Upon planting, place seeds in a 3-inch pots.
– A 5 to 6 inches of height, move in 5-inch pots.
– After a year and a half, move in 10-inch pots.
– After a year, move in 12-inch pots.
– When it reaches the height needed for fruiting, move in a bigger pot.
When watering the coffee plant, soak the soil entirely; However, you should make sure that it’s not watered to the point of soaking it until water flows out at the bottom. While it’s important to give a constant supply of water to the plant, it’s also important to let the water in the soil evaporate for a few days before watering again. Disregarding this might cause your coffee plant to develop wet feet, which will result to root rotting and eventually lead to its death.
When the seed of your plant has fully germinated, you will be repotting it in a bigger pot. This is also the perfect time to put it in a nutrient-packed soil. It needs a porous soil with low acid content. It also needs to have a good draining component, so you can add in a layer of sand to promote drainage better.
Lastly, you can make use of crushed volcanic rocks. This substance has concentrated amounts of nitrogen and iron; both of which promote the growth of the plant.
Contrary to popular belief, coffee plants love the sun. However, it is not a good idea to put them directly under the sun. You will need to introduce and let it acclimate to the environment you are planning to put it in.
Nevertheless, the ideal placement for a coffee plant is somewhere sunlight can reach, but is shaded enough to avoid direct exposure to the sun especially in hot countries.