According to studies, an estimate of about one-third of potential crop production is lost to pest infestation alone every year before harvest. Other problems like soil-borne diseases and inclement weather conditions generate additional fraction of loss every year before harvesting time. Aside from that, there’s also a general estimation of losing 10% of crops after harvest.
Every year, a total of 44% of the total potential crop production is lost before it even gets harvested. To cope with this, many farmers have resorted to using insecticides and other methods that can potentially harm the environment.
But, there are other approaches farmers can do to protect their crops without contributing to the destruction of our ecosystem. Consider the following natural methods for crop protection:
Crop rotation is the cultivation of different crops yearly in a systematic order on the same field.
This method can greatly reduce problems with pests and soil-borne diseases. It also helps in cultivating the soil, keeping the balance of nutrients in it.
Intercropping is growing of two or more crops at the same time on the same field. In this way, there will be distance between crops of the same kind. This prevents outbreak of diseases and is effective in attracting pests away from their target specie.
Row spacing is a way to prevent weeds from growing rampant. This method is done by modifying the distance of plants from each other. The goal is to grow plants in closer proximity to hasten the point where they reach canopy. In this way, the leaves will block away sunlight that might reach weeds that sprouted during growing season.
Aside from these, there are other methods farmers can use to yield better results. Some of these methods are cover cropping, tillage, and the use of organic pesticides. To save our natural habitat, let us choose environment-friendly products and methods, and completely eliminate the use of harmful chemicals and substances that is slowly poisoning us and our planet.