Brazil was the first country in Europe to suffer from the harmful effects of the coffee rust disease. This fungal disease was first detected in coffea arabica in the southern region of Bahia state in January 1970.

Until now, the epidemic coffee disease is still present in all conilon and arabica coffee growing areas in the country. With that being said, the coffee rust disease continues to threaten the coffee production in Brazil with an average of 30 to 50% total coffee production losses.